中国人过春节

在吃上也有讲究

你知道过年必不可少的美食有哪些吗?

它们又有什么吉利的寓意呢?


Wealth

Chinese Dumplings

饺子:财富



With a history of more than 1,800 years, dumplings are a classic Chinese food, and a traditional dish eaten on Chinese New Year's Eve, widely popular in China, especially in North China.
拥有1800多年历史的饺子是经典的中国美食,是年夜饭的一道传统菜,在中国,尤其是中国北方很常见。


Chinese dumplings can be made to look like Chinese silver ingots (which are not bars, but boat-shaped, oval, and turned up at the two ends). Legend has it that the more dumplings you eat during the New Year celebrations, the more money you can make in the New Year.
有人把饺子包得像元宝(寓意:招财进宝)。传说你在庆祝新年时吃的饺子越多,你在来年挣的钱越多。


Sometimes a copper coin is put in a dumpling, and the one who eats it is supposed to become wealthy.

有时还会在饺子里放一个铜币,吃到铜币的人将会发财。


Prosperity


Fish 

鱼:越来越富足



In Chinese, "fish" (鱼 Yú /yoo/) sounds like 'surplus'. Chinese people always like to have a surplus at the end of the year, because they think if they have managed to save something at the end of the year, then they can make more in the next year.
在中文里,“鱼”和“余”谐音。中国人喜欢在年末有结余,因为他们认为如果自己能在年底攒下一些财富,明年他们将能赚取更多。


Eating two fish, one on New Year's Eve and one on New Year's Day, (if written in a certain way) sounds like a wish for a surplus year-after-year.
吃两条鱼,除夕吃一条,大年初一吃一条,是希望年年有余(年年有鱼)。


Wealth


Spring Rolls

春卷:财富



Spring rolls get their name because they are traditionally eaten during the Spring Festival. It is a dish especially popular in East China: Jiangxi, Jiangsu, Shanghai, Fujian, Guangzhou, Shenzhen, Hong Kong, etc.

春卷是春节期间吃的传统食物,故此得名。春卷在中国东部很受欢迎:江西、江苏、上海、福建、广州、深圳、香港等。


Spring rolls are a Cantonese dim sum dish of cylindrical-shaped rolls filled with vegetables, meat, or something sweet. Fillings are wrapped in thin dough wrappers, then fried, when the spring rolls are given their golden-yellow color.
用薄面皮把蔬菜、肉或甜馅包成圆柱形的卷,然后油炸至金黄色。(寓意:黄金万两)


Higher Income or Position


Glutinous Rice Cake

年糕:更高的收入或职位



In Chinese, glutinous rice cake (年糕 Niángāo /nyen-gaoww/) sounds like it means "'getting higher year-on- by year"'. The main ingredients of niangao are sticky rice, sugar, chestnuts, Chinese dates, and lotus leaves.
在中文里,“年糕”的发音同“年高”,寓意“年年高”。年糕的主要原料是糯米、糖、栗子、枣和荷叶。


Family Togetherness


Sweet Rice Balls

汤圆:阖家团圆



Sweet rice ball (Tāngyuán /tung-ywen/) is the main food for China's Lantern Festival, however, in south China, people eat them throughout the Spring Festival. The pronunciation and round shape of tangyuan are associated with reunion and being together. That's why they are favored by the Chinese during the New Year celebrations.
汤圆是中国元宵节的主要食物,但在中国南方,人们春节期间也会吃汤圆。汤圆的发音和形状与团圆有关。这也是为什么中国人喜欢在庆祝新年时吃汤圆的原因。


Fullness and Wealth


Good Fortune Fruit

吉利的水果:丰盈和富裕



Certain fruits are eaten during the Chinese New Year period, such as tangerines and oranges, and pomeloes. They are selected as they are particularly round and "golden" in color, symbolizing fullness and wealth, but more obviously for the lucky sound they bring when spoken. The Chinese for orange (and tangerine) is 橙 (chéng /chnng/), which sounds the same as the Chinese for 'success' (成). One of the ways of writing tangerine (桔 jú /jyoo/) contains the Chinese character for luck (吉 jí /jee/).

春节期间会吃特定的水果,比如桔子、橙子和柚子。它们被选为吉利的水果是因为它们都特别圆,而且颜色金灿灿的,象征着丰盈和富裕,但更多的是因为它们的发音。中文里,“橙”和“成”发音相同。“桔”字中含有吉利的“吉”字。





不管吃什么,图的都是吉利

希望大家来年都招财进宝节节高!






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编辑:严琦 

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