最近微信改版打乱发布时间
常有读者朋友反映会错过最新英语演讲更新
请您点击上方“精彩英语演讲”,选择“设为星标
英语演讲视频,第一时间观看
美国新冠疫情仍以每日新增十多万例的速度恶化,感恩节过后或将迎来又一波高峰。就在此时,特朗普任命的白宫疫情特别顾问,因支持“群体免疫”、“反福奇”而引发巨大争议的斯科特·阿特拉斯,宣布辞职。
综合美联社、福克斯新闻报道,当地时间30日,阿特拉斯提交了自己的辞职信。从8月初开始,他以“特别政府雇员”的身份在白宫担任顾问,任期为130天,于本周到期。
阿特拉斯在信中感谢特朗普政府,强调自己“为拯救生命、帮助美国人民渡过疫情这个唯一的目标而努力工作”,“总是依靠最及时的科学与证据,没有掺杂任何政治因素”。
他总结,自己一贯主张两条应对疫情“最适当的战略”:定点、严格保护高危及易感人群,同时开放学校与社会。
在辞职信中,阿特拉斯重申反对“延长封城”的观点,理由是人们可能遭受“严重的健康损失与心理压力”。他宣称,其建议总是围绕“减少疫情与结构性政策造成的损失,尤其是对工薪阶层与穷人而言”。
最后,他对下届拜登政府送去祝福,“祝愿新执政团队能带领国家度过这个艰难、分裂的时期”。
美媒普遍认为,阿特拉斯是特朗普找来的“反福奇”代言人。他曾被媒体曝出主张“群体免疫”,反对大规模隔离措施,并宣称新冠病毒“对儿童没有影响”、美国确诊病例总数“无所谓”。
担任顾问以来,阿特拉斯频频在抗疫政策问题上引发争议,包括主张重开学校、反对民主党在各州推行大规模隔离、反对佩戴口罩等。8月底,美国疾控中心宣布修改病毒检测指南,不要求检测没有症状的确诊患者密切接触者。这一做法立即引发争议。
White House coronavirus adviser Dr. Scott Atlas made numerous political blunders during his brief tenure, including a lengthy interview with Russian state media that ran just days before the U.S. presidential election.
A controversial coronavirus adviser to the president, Dr. Scott Atlas, resigned Monday, a White House official told NPR.
Atlas, who is not an infectious disease expert and whose brief stint was marred by blunders and controversy, was tapped by the Trump administration to  serve as special adviser to the president in August. Since then, "the MRI guy" has repeatedly been at odds with the nation's leading health officials regarding his views on how to combat the spread of the virus, including members of the White House Coronavirus Task Force.
Throughout his tenure, he has insisted all of the guidance he has offered was based on scientific research.
"I worked hard with a singular focus—to save lives and help Americans through this pandemic," Atlas wrote in a resignation letter posted to Twitter.
He added that he "always relied on the latest science and evidence, without any political consideration or influence."
"As time went on, like all scientists and health policy scholars, I learned new information and synthesized the latest data from around the world, all in an effort to provide you with the best information to serve the greater public good," Atlas wrote.
Fox News reported that Atlas' role was set to expire at the end of the week.
President Trump was attracted to Atlas' views, which put the economy first, but public health experts were appalled by his lack of scientific rigor.
Among the theories that most worried experts is Atlas' belief that allowing the coronavirus to spread would eventually result in "herd immunity," describing it as a "basic principle" of biology and immunology.
As NPR reported:
"In April on the conservative Steve Deace Show, Atlas spoke in favor of allowing the virus to pass through the younger segments of the population, while trying to protect older Americans.
" 'We can allow a lot of people to get infected,' he said. 'Those who are not at risk to die or have a serious hospital-requiring illness, we should be fine with letting them get infected, generating immunity on their own, and the more immunity in the community, the better we can eradicate the threat of the virus.' "
Atlas' field of expertise is in magnetic resonance imaging. He wrote a book on the subject and co-authored numerous scientific studies on the economics of medical imaging technology. He was also a professor and chief of neuroradiology at Stanford University Medical Center from 1998 to 2012, according to a university biography.
"He's an MRI guy. ... He has no expertise in any of this stuff," Dr. Ashish Jha, the dean of the Brown University School of Public Health, told NPR in a September story. The COVID-19 pandemic has now killed more than 267,000 people in the U.S.
"He's been bringing out arguments that have been refuted week after week, month after month, since the beginning of this outbreak," Jha added.
Atlas also made numerous political blunders during his brief stint, including a lengthy interview with Russian state media that ran just days before the U.S. presidential election.
He later apologized for the misstep saying he "was unaware they are a registered foreign agent."
"I regret doing the interview and apologize for allowing myself to be taken advantage of," Atlas said in a tweet. "I especially apologize to the national security community who is working hard to defend us."
And earlier this month, Stanford University appeared to distance itself from Atlas following his remarks that residents of Michigan should "rise up" against the state's new coronavirus restrictions.
Atlas took a leave of absence from his position as a senior fellow at the Hoover Institution, a conservative-leaning think tank based at the university, to serve as an adviser to the president.
As recently as late October, Atlas was believed to be among Trump and the Vice President Pence's closest advisers on the pandemic, Dr. Francis Collins, director of the National Institutes of Health, told NPR.
Atlas has been highly critical of the lockdowns enforced by various state and municipal leaders — a strategy he continued to oppose in his farewell letter.
Since Atlas began his job in August, nearly 100,000 people have died of COVID-19 in the U.S.
Atlas did have encouraging words for the incoming Biden administration.
"I sincerely wish the new team all the best as they guide the nation through these trying, polarized times," Atlas wrote. "With the emerging treatments and vaccines, I remain highly optimistic that America will thrive once again and overcome the adversity of the pandemic and all that it has entailed."
美联社称,阿特拉斯与政府专家、美国科学界的主流共识相违背。福奇曾公开表示对阿特拉斯“很有意见”,“我相信他没有任何真正的见解、知识或经验”。另一位白宫疫情专家组成员黛博拉·博克斯也说,“不会再与阿特拉斯一同开会”。美国疾控中心主任雷德菲尔德则批评他“讲的每个字都是错的”。
阿特拉斯一度在福克斯节目中辩解称,是受到邀请才出任总统顾问,自称有着在最顶尖医疗中心从事医生、病人看护的25年工作经验。他还说,自己获得任命是因为知道“如何将复杂的医学知识翻译成平实的语言,告诉总统以及白宫内的所有人,进而得出合适的公共政策。”
但需要指出的是,履历显示阿特拉斯是斯坦福大学反射神经放射学专家,并没有传染病和公共卫生背景。
事实上,阿特拉斯所鼓吹的“安全重开学校”,反而导致9月初返校季大学出现大量确诊,学生被困“新冠监狱”。而许多大学生上周未经检测就返乡度过感恩节,令专家担忧成为“定时炸弹”,会带来新一轮疫情高峰。
据“新冠追踪项目”数据统计,随着感恩节期间大量人流出行,美国疫情进一步恶化。当地时间11月29日,超过9.15万人住院,打破此前纪录。其中至少6000人正接受呼吸机治疗。
美国全国公共广播电台30日报道,福奇当天警告,美国未来几周可能面临“(新增确诊数字)高峰中的高峰(surge upon a surge)”。他表示,计划向拜登政府提议加强检测力度。
美国约翰斯·霍普金斯大学实时数据,截至北京时间12月1日5时25分,美国累计新冠确诊病例13500315例,累计死亡267635例。
防止未来失联
请长按识别二维码关注备用号
想第一时间接收英语演讲文章&视频?把精彩英语演讲设置为星标就对了!操作办法就是:进入公众号——点击右上角的●●●——找到“设为星标”点击即可。
点击阅读原文查看更多精彩英语演讲!
继续阅读
阅读原文