今天的SAT考试如期举行,并没有出现任何意外,让家长和考生悬着的心终于可以放下了。
香港亚博馆考场
走过的路、刷过的题、消失在考场上战斗硝烟----没有一丝丝防备,就这样在开始洋溢着圣诞气息的季节,带着眷恋和不舍,告别了本年度最后一场考试。
参加今天考试的考生多数是当季申请者,但也有小部分跨季考生在试水,所以为了让更多明年的考生能尽早熟悉SAT的考试节奏,给大家分享一下今天的SAT考题。
在考试没结束,就有机构说是12月考试重复旧题,据悉是1906北美实验卷的一套,但是此套题完全没有流传,因此可以视为新题,大家暂时不必担心考试公平问题。
一、整体分析
1、这次考试估计是SAT改革以来在亚太地区考生最为分散的一次。曾经的“万人坑”香港亚洲博览馆,此次只开放了3个馆,大约有3000人左右,盛况难在。美好的东西在可以在瞬间毁掉,但是要恢复则需要漫长的时间,不管怎么样,希望香港越来越好吧。
2、跟去年同期相比,今年12月亚太地区的考生人数呈现明显的递增,主要原因如下:受香港考场影响,部分考生未能在10月的考试中拿到理想分数,迫不得已最后一战。另外,11年级的学生经过暑期的备战,这个节点开始了SAT首考或者二考,也助推了12月考生数量的飙升。
3、这次考试结束后,12年级的学生美国大学申请标化之旅基本结束,精力开始转向后期的文书润色、最终定校等细节性问题;11年级的同学要面对校内的GPA、会考、托福刷分、SAT2、AP、夏校等其它事情,这是关键的时间节点,需要考生和家长仔细推敲。
二、阅读部分考情分析
Passage 1  文学
The Inheritance of Exile by Susan
文章内容:
文章节选自阿拉伯裔美国作家苏珊-穆阿迪-达拉吉,一个比较小众的作家。整篇文章人物脉络清晰,描写了一主人公Siham搬到了一个新地方,但是不熟悉的生活环境还是让她倍感孤独。她在老家从小养成超强的讨价还价能力让她买东西时比较有优势,Nader也因此折服于她。尽管属于比较冷门的作家,但是由于文章的思路比较清晰,理解的难度不大。
Passage 2 历史双篇
Passage 1 Address in New York City at the Cornerstone Laying of United Nations Building
Passage 2 Some Reflections on Peace in Our Time
文章内容:
Passage 1
如果单从文章背景知识的角度考量,此次历史类文章应该是2019年度最简单的一次。考生对联合国的背景知识非常了解,整体文章难度也不大。主要描述了联合国建立的初衷和目的,特别像中学历史课本中关于联合国的描述,只是描述的角度略有不同。
Passage 2
联合国反映了人类关系的弱点以及优秀的品质。因此,联合国不可避免地是一个既软弱又强大的组织。它的行动力受到国家主权的迫切性的极大限制。然而,联合国表现出了幸运的灵活性,使其能够适应大国之间的纷争令人遗憾的情况,并继续有效地发挥作用。
Passage 3 科学
The Molecule That Made the World
文章内容:
主要讲述了一群研究甲壳类动物的科学家通过研究一种叫amphipods的动物得到了关于polar gigantism的新的发现。传统观点认为是由于体型和温度的反比关系造成的,但是这么直接的关系无法很好解释polar gigantism。随后科学家提出了一个新的观点,即真正的反比关系不是体型和温度,而是体型和含氧量。随后研究证实了确实是这个关系,最后文章指出若大气变暖,会造成温度上升含氧量降低,那么giant amphipods就可能灭亡了。
Passage 4 社科
Why Elections Do Not Produce Responsive Goverment 
文章内容:
根据考生的反应来看,社科文章应该是此次考试最难的一篇。文章主要讲述,美国总统选举对经济的影响。大量研究证实由于多种原因,两者关系并没有这么清晰。很多考生反应读不懂,一些题目的设置也有一定的难度。
Passage 5  科学
The Myth of Antioxidants 
文章内容:
本次压轴的科学文章中规中矩,主要阐述关于衰老的问题,衰老的机理是由于体内自由基的氧化导致细胞损害从而引发衰老。但是一个科学家Gems的做的实验却发现促进氧化后的虫子并没有加快死亡,他们的寿命和正常虫子是一样的。其后其他科学家也发现了相似的结果—给寿命最长的老鼠抗氧化,他们寿命也没有变长。这些结果质疑了传统观点,相反证实了自由基等高能分子的正面作用。基于此,人类对衰老的认知又要重新修正。
整体点评:按照文章的顺序,小说难度中等,内容清晰易懂;两篇科学类的难度也不是很大;社科文章难度比较大,失分会比较多;考生最为忌惮的历史双篇,由于熟悉的背景知识反而难度有所降低,但是很多考生可能没有时间做。
三、文法部分考情分析
Passage 1  
Location matters 
生物学家研究稀有物种大陆龟的过程中发现它的行为与我们传统认知的偏差,之前只研究了小区域范围的这样结果是不科学的 多区域调查才能发现此类物种其实是活动范围比较大并且本身很活跃的。
Passage 2
Hip Hop meets native American traditon 
主要讲述hiphop文化与印第安文化的结合。一个印第安小伙用自己的文化的方式与hiphop文化结合唱出自己的文化特征,达到了传播印第安文化的目的。
Passage 3
UNCLOS and the arctic 
文章讲述气候变暖北极的冰层融化,裸露了大量冻土和土地,它们的开发利用出现了争议。UNCLOS的法案制定平息了争议并规定自然资源的开发利用权归周边大陆架国家所有。
Passage 4
A clothes career
主要讲述服装设计师的商业模式和发展。Jason Wu为女明星制作的颁奖典礼的礼服精美华丽,设计理念得到了大家认同,从而名声大噪,自己的品牌的发展也欣欣向荣。
整体点评:此次考试的考点搭配都比较均衡,整体难度中上。单词题和固定搭配这类的难度不大,对于想得高分甚至满分的同学来说比较有利;标点的难度也不是很大有并列、分号等考点;增减句子题第二篇、第三篇考的多一些是学生不好把握的一类;句子排序第三篇出现难度适中。
四、数学部分考情分析
Section 3
数学非计算器部分和10月份相比要难一些,尽管依然是常规考点的考查,但是个别题目相对比较绕,比平常的练习要多耗费一些时间。
相关考点:
1、一元一次函数和二元一次函数依然是考试的重点,以解方程和带图像的选择题居多。
2、一次函数中斜率知识点的考察依旧是重点。通过给出的文字问题写方程,或者根据方程,理解方程中的数字信息。
Section 4
数学的计算器部分,个别题目出现较长的题干对考点本身造成一定的干扰,部分带图的选择题,侧重考察考生的图表分析能力。
相关考点:
1、散点图考察依旧是老考点,比较简单,出了两个选择题,有几个数据点是低于lines of best fit的。
2、统计类型的题对于统计学的基本知识要求较高,重点考察平均数,中位数,和标准差,计算的难度不大。
整体点评:总体来说,尽管数学部分难度有一定的提升,数学比较好的同学估计第三部分15分钟就可以搞定,第四部分大约需要45分钟左右,有充分的时间检查。按照考生的普遍反映,我们预测此次数学的curve会相对友好一些。
五、写作部分考情分析
这次写作的文章节选自不是很常见的The Denver Post,考察关于职业摄影师的问题,这个类型的文章和考生日常练习也比较接近,写起来相对容易。
文章以一个普通摄影爱好者的故事切入,进而讲到不少媒体机构不选用专业的摄影师而是更偏爱普通人随手拍的照片。但普通人拍摄的照片不够专业,也引用了不少专业摄影师的观点对这样的现象进行抨击,呼吁仍应雇佣专业摄影师。
原文:
Bill Linfield is a friend, a great guy and a superb amateur photographer who takes pride in his exemplary wildlife and landscape photos.
So why is he persona non grata among the professional photographers in Summit County?
Because Linfield freely — and that’s the appropriate word here — shares his work with the Summit Daily News, which never replaced its beloved longtime photographer, Mark Fox, upon his retirement and which instead relies upon the kindness of strangers for its Page 1 photos.
“I take photos daily because I have a passion for it and enjoy sharing the beauty of where I am able to live and play,” Linfield said. “Besides, if I don’t share my photos, why am I taking them?”
Local professional photographers lament that Linfield and others offering their work without compensation are enabling the paper to devalue photography, which they contend remains an integral part of newspaper storytelling.
Matt Lit, a Summit County photography educator at Colorado Mountain College and a former news photographer, praises Linfield’s work as “quite stunning” but fears it is another step in the inexorable march toward the demise of professional photojournalism. Good photography lures in readers who, as a result, see the advertising that supports the news outlet, he said.
“Once upon a time, I used to earn money selling my photos,” Lit said. “If I sold a photo to a television station to use on their broadcast, that’s air time and that’s valuable stuff. What’s the equivalent ad rate for that amount of air time or for that amount of newspaper space?”
Of course, the issue isn’t limited to Summit County. Newspapers all across the country have been cutting photographer positions, with the Chicago Sun-Times in May taking the extreme position of eliminating its entire full-time photo staff, then saying four of the 28 will be rehired. (The Denver Post has not been immune to industry-wide downsizing, unfortunately, but it still retains the core of its top-drawer photographers, including two-time Pulitzer Prize winner Craig F. Walker.)
Last month, David Becker of PetaPixel pointed out that the annual American Society of News Editors newsroom census, compared year over year, shows that U.S. newspapers are employing 43 percent fewer photographers, videographers and artists than they were in 2000.
In many cases, media outlets now are asking reporters to take cameras with them on assignments or simply relying on “crowd sourcing,” in which “citizen journalists” — basically anyone with an iPhone in his pocket — can snap pictures and willingly share them.
And it’s not just newspapers.
Linfield’s work also has appeared periodically on 9News, where anchor Kyle Clark recently had the audacity to complain in a special on-air editorial that readers were sending in boring photos depicting snowfall on patio furniture.
“Why is it that every time it snows that we whip out photos of our patio sets like we’re showing off baby photos of our kids? Is that really the best we can do?” he grumbled. “We live in one of the most beautiful spots on Earth, but we point our cameras toward the back porch … . Let’s be more original the next time the snow flies.”
That’s right: Clark is protesting the quality of free photos that 9News receives from amateurs.
Another Summit County photographer friend of mine, Tim Faust, doesn’t fault the media for taking advantage of free photography but does think that complaints like those raised by Clark are a case of beggars can’t be choosers.
“It is supply and demand,” Faust said. “If people are willing to provide free images, then why should media pay for them? However, I take issue with a media outlet complaining about the lack of quality of their free images.”
Any professional photographer these days can recount being asked to take photos for free or to accept insultingly low fees: friends want a “quick” portrait, businesses request “cheap” images for their websites and brochures, wedding parties can’t understand why they need to pay so much for what they don’t realize typically amounts to more than just a day’s labor.
Yet just a few days ago, we were all reacquainted with some indelible 50-year-old images from newspapers that remind us how powerful good photography can be in telling a story: Jackie Kennedy standing stoically in her blood-stained pink dress and pillbox hat as LBJ took the oath of office on that crowded airplane, Ruby shooting Oswald, John-John saluting his father’s coffin.
It is a shame that professional photography is being so undervalued today, and that’s made even worse when media outlets exacerbate the impression that it’s not worth paying for good photos.
本次考情回顾由墨顿教育教研团队联合呈现,墨顿教育-专注SAT教学的专业机构。
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