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翻译:琥珀风筝
8月23日,Andrew Yang(杨安泽)出席民主党全国委员会在加州召开的党内会议,给出了极具震撼力的演讲。
有人将演讲上传YouTube(油管)之后,不久即获得4万多人浏览。其中接近4千人给出好评,仅仅只有14人给出差评。这个受肯定的成绩在政治演讲中,尤其在网络自媒体平台上,极其罕见。
快来看看这个演讲,从内容到肢体语言,可以学习的亮点太多了。需要培养更多像杨安泽这样的高中全美辩论队代表、国际辩论赛美国冠军队员,和现在的一党总统候选人前六名(且从无名气的政治素人到当下的排名不断上升中)!
全文翻译
杨安泽在DNC夏季会议上发表讲话惊艳全场观众(8月23日)
主持人[00:00:00]欢迎Andrew Yang!
Andrew Yang [00:00:21]你们好,DNC的成员!和你们在一起真是太棒了。这是一种荣誉和特权。因为你们可以控制这个国家的未来。这就是为什么你们通过制定规则、章程和依据,谋求好的结果。
什么是好结果?这是我们时代最大的问题。我会说我们必须正确地回答这个问题。那就是,为什么唐纳德·特朗普是我们的总统?那是怎么发生的?
如果你打开有线电视新闻和广播,你可能会得到一些答案——混合了俄罗斯、种族主义、Facebook、FBI、希拉里·克林顿这些原因的答案。
但数字告诉我不同的故事,我是一个以数据说话的人。这些数字说明了一个非常明显不可能错判的事实。
那就是,唐纳德·特朗普会胜选总统,是因为自动化的发展让我们在俄亥俄州、密歇根州、宾夕法尼亚州、威斯康辛州、密苏里州和爱荷华州——这些是唐纳德·特朗普需要赢并确实赢了的地方,失去了400万个制造业工作岗位。
我们现在在旧金山,这里是技术中心。我们对制造业工作所做的一切,也会在零售业、呼叫中心、卡车驾驶工作和其他各种经济部门重现。
我知道你们来自全国各地。你们当中有多少人注意到,你们居住的地方商场正在关门?为什么这些商店会关门?用一词回答那就是,亚马逊。
亚马逊每年运作200亿美元的业务。他们缴税是多少?零。比这个房间里的每个人都少。这就是数学。出两百亿。入零美元。
美国大部分地区,最常见的工作之一就是零售店员。一般的零售店员是一个39岁的女性,每小时赚9到10美元。现在她的商店关门了,她的下一步行动是什么?
(再举个例子)当你打电话咨询,拨通一家大公司的客户服务热线。你会怎么做?你的下一步是什么?你大概像我一样,拨0 0 0,那边回答是“客服,转下一个客服,转下一个客服,......”直到终于将你转到合适的人。
在两三年内,AI软件接听员会像这样:“嘿,安德鲁怎么样?我能为你做什么?你可能甚至都没有意识到这是AI的机器服务。这将是令人愉快、无瑕疵的效率。但是,对于现在在呼叫中心工作的两千五百万美国人来说,这意味着什么呢?
美国,一天开14个小时车的卡车司机,是多达二十九个州的最常见工作。我在硅谷的朋友们正在研发卡车自驾。他们告诉我,已经完成98%的目标。对于现在驾驶卡车维持生计的350万美国人,和依附于卡车产业的汽车旅馆和餐馆的700万美国人来说,这意味着什么?
我们谈论唐纳德·特朗普是我们所有问题的原因。其实他不是。他只是社会症状的一种表现形式。我们正在经历着我国历史上最大的经济转型。专家们称之为第四次工业革命。
你最近一次听到政治家说第四次工业革命是什么时候?现在(对吗)。
Andrew Yang [00:03:21]而我是非主流政治家。(众人大笑)
所以问题是,民主党人将采取什么措施呢?
我们需要告诉同胞们,不是移民造成了这些问题。而是技术。移民正因为与他们无关的事情而成为替罪羊。
所以问题是,我们该如何为美国人民解决这个问题。必须尽快为同胞们建立新的希望。
如果你在竞选活动中听到过关于我的消息,你会听到类似这样的说法,有一位亚裔在竞选总统,计划每个月给每个美国成年公民1000美元(公民自由红利,UBI)。(顺便说一句,)你们没有人是真的今天才第一次听说我吧?
Andrew Yang [00:04:07]你们第一次听到它,可能第一反应是这是个噱头(这家伙是个骗子)。这个计划永远不可能实现。
但如果你深入了解我们国家的历史,你会发现这是一个非常美国化的想法。我们的国父,托马斯·潘恩,称之为“公民红利”。马丁·路德·金(Martin Luther King)支持它,并在60年代为之奋斗。他在1968年被暗杀的那一天,还在推广公民自由红利。
在60年代和70年代,有超过一千位的经济学家认可UBI很主流。在1971年,UBI两次以“家庭援助计划法案(the Family Assistance Plan)”的形式通过了美国众议院(注:请参考本号今天第一篇文章补充阅读)。11年后,一个州通过了该法案。现在该州的每个公民每年收到一到两千美元。大家都很喜欢。
Andrew Yang [00:04:43]那是哪个州?他们如何支付UBI?
(众人回答:阿拉斯加)
石油。
Andrew Yang [00:04:48] 21世纪的“石油”是什么?
对的,高科技。
A.I.,数据,软件,自动驾驶技术。刚刚发布的一项研究表明,现在我们的数据价值,超过石油。
你们中有多少人收到过“信息红利”?我们都没有。
在阿拉斯加,他们称之为“石油红利”,人人喜欢它。我们称这是“技术支票(信息红利)”,所有美国人都会喜欢它。
让我们思考一下,“一个月一千美元”对我们的社区意味着什么。
这将意味着,更强大的家庭,更高的毕业率,更低的压力,更少的家庭暴力。它将每天促使,我们的社区获得数百万个新的工作机会,这将激发艺术、创造力、志愿服务、文化和政治参与度,等等。
这是立足于我们的家庭和社区的一种自下而上的涓流经济。这个政治理念将能赢得2020年大选的胜利!
虽然我在谈论经济上的涓流改变,但我们首先需要政治上的“涓流”变革,这意味着赋予各州政府权力。我们需要有一个能赢“57个州”(注:美国一共50个州。这来自美国前总统奥巴马的一次口误,说自己拜访过57个州。之后成为被开玩笑的素材)的国家战略。
Andrew Yang [00:06:12]我了解到这个现实。我是个行动派。行动来自于实践操作。我们必须赋予草根民众力量。我们不能停留在原地去谈自下而上的涓滴经济。
每天早上醒来,有多少人对国民生产总值(GDP)感到兴奋?你们当中有多少人,会意识到自己今天能做出重大的GDP贡献?
如果考虑一下这两面的事实:一方面我们处于历史性的经济高速发展的阶段,同时我们面对另一些创纪录的高位数据——自杀率、药物过量、焦虑抑郁、经济不安全感。情况如此糟糕,以至于美国国民预期寿命连续三年下降。而上次我们的预期寿命连续三年下降,是1918年的西班牙流感全球大流行的时候。
了该改进测量经济发展的方法的时候了。
用我妻子举例,她在家照顾我们的两个孩子,其中一个是自闭症患者。她的贡献按当下的GDP算法是多少?零。我们知道这是反常识的。事实正好相反。
我们知道她这样的家庭主妇的工作很重要。就说说最近吧。我放下竞选,回家照顾我的孩子几天。我的感受是,(天)最多再坚持两天,让我尽快回去竞选总统吧(那“轻松”多了!)。如果你已经为人父母,就知道我在说什么。照顾孩子是最艰苦且最重要的工作。
现在的GDP测量系统只会把我们带沟里,我们应该把人均预期寿命、身体和心理健康、对滥用药物的抵抗力、清洁空气、清洁水、育儿成功率等因素都加进来,作为衡量GDP的共同指标。
Andrew Yang [00:07:31]这实际是一个对所有美国人民都有价值的经济计划。现在,民主党正在被描画成爱花钱的政党。我们希望推动社会前进,我们需要正确的衡量标准来做到这一点。
Andrew Yang [00:07:44]所以我们必须尽可能快地让美国人民了解这些经济政策革新。我们需要去解决那些让唐纳德·特朗普当选的问题。
你是否记得,2016年,他说“要让美国重新伟大”。然后希拉里怎么回应的?“美国已经很棒了!”但是,这并没有奏效。
他的解决方案是错误而缺乏常识的。他说我们要打造一堵墙,要回到过去,把失去的旧工作带回美国。
我们则与此相反。我们要朝前看!要加速社会和经济的发展。我们必须在捍卫工作和价值的基础上,朝前发展。
我是实现这一切的理想人选,因为我是唐纳德·特朗普的反面,一个喜欢数学的亚裔!
感谢民主党人!
Andrew Yang [00:08:29]感谢你们!我们一起来让美国人更深刻地思考,并赢得2020年大选的胜利!谢谢!
Andrew Yang Speaks at the DNC Summer Meeting and Fires up Audience (Full Speech August 23rd)
Moderator [00:00:00] Please welcome Mr. Andrew Yang!
Andrew Yang [00:00:21] Hello, members of the DNC! It's phenomenal to be here with you. It's an honor and a privilege. It's a privilege because you all control the future of the country. It's why you wade through the Rules and Bylaws and credentialing,to get to the good stuff. 
What is the good stuff? The good stuff is answering the greatest question of our time. And I will say we have to get this question right. 
The question is why the heck is Donald Trump our president? 
How did that happen?
If you turn on the cable news broadcasts you might get a cocktail of answers, some mixture of Russia, racism, Facebook, FBI, Hillary Clinton. But the numbers tell a different story and I'm a number guy. The numbers tell a very clear indistinct story. 
The reason why Donald Trump is our president today is that we automated away 4 million manufacturing jobs in Ohio, Michigan, Pennsylvania, Wisconsin, Missouri, and Iowa, all the swing states that Donald Trump needed to win and did win. 
We are here together in San Francisco, the hub of technology and what we did to the manufacturing jobs we will now do to the retail jobs, the call center jobs, the fast food jobs, the truck driving jobs, and on and on through the economy. 
How many of you have noticed stories closing where you live? I know you're from all over the country. And why are those stores closing? 
One word answer, Amazon. 
Amazon soaking up 20 billion dollars in business every single year. How much are they paying in taxes? Zero. Less than everyone here in this room. That is the math. Twenty billion out. Zero back. 
Most common job in most of the country is being a retail clerk. The average retail clerk is a 39 year old woman making between 9 and 10 dollars now. When her store closes, what is her next move going to be? 
When you go I'll call the customer service line of a big company and you get that but what do you do? What's your next move? If you're like me you go 0 0 0. Representative Representative of human human until you get someone on the line right. 
In two or three years the software is going to sound like this:
Hey Andrew how's it going? What can I do for you?
You might not even realize it's software. It's going to be delightful seamless efficient. What is that going to mean for the two and a half millions Americans who work at call centers right now? 
Being 14 hours now driving a truck is the most common job in Twenty nine states in this country and my friends here in Silicon Valley are working on trucks they can drive themselves they tell me they are 98 percent of the way there. 
What is that going to mean for the three and a half million Americans who drive a truck for a living right now or the 7 million Americans who work at truck stops motels and diners that rely upon those truckers getting out and having a meal?
We talk about it like Donald Trump is the cause of all of our problems. He is not. He is a symptom. He is a manifestation. We are going through the greatest economic transformation in our country's history. What experts are calling the fourth industrial revolution. 
When's the last time you heard a politician say the words fourth industrial revolution?
Just now.
Andrew Yang [00:03:21] And I am barely a politician. 
So the question is what are the Democrats going to do about it?
Andrew Yang [00:03:33] We have to make it known to our fellow citizens that it is not immigrants that are causing these problems. It is technology. Immigrants are getting scapegoated for something they have nothing to do with. 
So the question is how do we solve this problem for the American people. We have to take a new vision to our fellow citizens as fast as possible. 
If you've heard anything about me in my campaign,you've heard something like this, there's an Asian man running for president who wants to give everyone 1000 dollars a month.
Andrew Yang [00:03:59] Remember hearing that remember the first time you heard that. Nothing quite like the first time in my right?
Andrew Yang [00:04:07] First time you heard it it seemed like a gimmick. Seemed like there's no way that would ever happen. 
But if you dig into our country's history you find this a deeply American idea. Thomas Paine was born of the founding of our country called it "the citizen's dividend". Martin Luther King championed it and fought for it in the 60s. And it is what he was fighting for and the day he was assassinated in 1968. A thousand economists endorsed in the 60s and 70s it was so mainstream that it passed the US House of Representatives twice, in 1971 as the Family Assistance Plan. And 11 years later one state passed a dividend. Now everyone in that state receives between one and two thousand dollars a year. No questions asked.
Andrew Yang [00:04:43] And what state is that? And how do they funded?
Oil.

Andrew Yang [00:04:48] And what is the oil of the 21st century technology?
Andrew Yang [00:04:52] That's right.
Andrew Yang [00:04:53] A.I., data, software, autonomous vehicles. A study just came out that said that your data our data is now worth more than oil. 
How many of you received your data check in the mail? None of us. 
In Alaska they call this the oil check and they love it. We're gonna call this the tech check and all of America is gonna love it. 
And I want you to think about what a thousand dollars a month would mean in our communities. It would mean stronger families, higher graduation rates, lower stress levels, less domestic violence. It would start to recognize the work that's actually being done in our communities every single day would create millions of new jobs would super charge the arts, creativity, volunteerism, culture and political engagement. 
This is the trickle up economy from our people our family and our communities up. This is the vision that will win in 2020. 
And while I'm talking about trickle up change we need to have trickle up political change, which means empowering the state parties. We need to have a fifty-Seven state strategy or in a win. Got.
Andrew Yang [00:06:12] I get it. I'm an operator.
Andrew Yang [00:06:15] The action happens on the ground. We have to empower people on the ground. We can't stop here with a trickle up economy. 
How many of you are excited about GDP when you woke up this morning? 
How many of you were like I'm gonna make a big contribution today I can feel it?
If you think about it we're at record high levels of GDP, also at record highs in this country right now. Suicides, drug overdoses, anxiety depression, financial insecurity. 
It's gotten so bad that our life expectancy has declined for the last three years in a row. Last time our life expectancy declined for three years in a row, the Spanish Flu of 1918 global pandemic. That's the last time it happened. 
We need to evolve to the next set of measurements. And I talked about my wife who's at home with our two young boys, one of whom is autistic. What does her work included in GDP everyday? Zero. And we know that's nonsense. We know it's the opposite of the truth. We know that her work. 
I was off the trail for a couple days taking care of my kids and I said after two days, get me back to running for president as soon as possible. And if you're a parent you know exactly what I'm talking about. It's the hardest work there is but the most important. 
Instead of this GDP measurement that's running us off a cliff, we should be measuring our shared progress through health and life expectancy mental health, and freedom from substance abuse, clean air, clean water, childhood success rates.
Andrew Yang [00:07:31] This is a vision of an economy that would actually work for the American people. Right now the Democratic Party is being cast as the party that wants to spend money. We want to move society forward and we need the right measurements to do that.
Andrew Yang [00:07:44] So this is the vision we have to take to the rest of the country as fast aspossible. We have to solve the problems got Donald Trump elected. 
If you remember in 2016 what did he say. He said We're gonna make America great again. And then what did Hillary respond? "America's already great." And that did not quite work. 
His solutions were garbage and nonsense. He said we're going to build a wall we're going to turn the clock back. We're going to bring the old jobs back. 
We have to do the opposite of all that. We should turn the clock forward. We have to accelerate our society and economy. We have to evolve in the way we think about work and value. 
And I am the ideal candidate for that job because the opposite of Donald Trump is an Asian man who likes math. 
Thank you very much Democrats!
Andrew Yang [00:08:29] Thank you very much! Let's make America think harder and win. Thank you!
欢迎请作者和小编喝杯🍵 
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