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001. What is the supreme law of the land?/美国的最高法律是什么?
答:The Constitution /宪法
002. What does the Constitution do?/宪法的作用是什么?
答:
Sets up the government /建立政府体制
Defines the government /定义政府
Protects basic rights of Americans保护美国人的基本权利
003. The idea of self-government is in the first three words of the Constitution. What are these words? /宪法的前三个字说明自治的概念。这三个字是什么?
答:We the People /我们人民
004. What is an amendment?/什么是修正案?
答:
A change (to the Constitution) /(宪法的)更正
An addition (to the Constitution) /(宪法的)补充
005. What do we call the first ten amendments to the Constitution?/宪法的前十项修正案称为什么?
答:The Bill of Rights /权利法案
006. What is one right or freedom from the First Amendment? /列举宪法第一条修正案中的一项权利或自由
答:
Speech /言论自由
Religion /宗教自由
Assembly /集会结社的自由
Press /出版自由
Petition the government /向政府请愿的自由
007. How many amendments does the Constitution have? /宪法有几条修正案?
答:Twenty-seven (27) /二十七(27) 条
008. What did the Declaration of Independence do?/《独立宣言》的作用是什么?
答:
Announced our independence (from Great Britain) /宣布美国(脱离英国而)独立
Declared our independence (from Great Britain) /宣告美国(脱离英国而)独立
Said that the United States is free (from Great Britain) / 表示美国(脱离英国而)独立
009. What are two rights in the Declarationof Independence?/列举《独立宣言》中的两项权利?
答:
Life / 生命(的权利)
Liberty /自由(的权利)
Pursuit of happiness /追求幸福(的权利)
010. What is freedom of religion?/什么是宗教自由?
答:You can practice any religion, or not practice a religion. /你可以信仰任何宗教,也可以不信仰任何宗教
011. What is the economic system in the United States?/美国的经济制度是什么?
答:
Capitalist economy /资本主义经济
Market economy /市场经济
012. What is the “rule of law”?/“法治”是什么?
答:
Everyone must follow the law. /人人都应遵守法律
Leaders must obey the law. /领导人必须遵守法律
Government must obey the law. /政府必须遵守法律
No one is above the law. /没有任何人在法律之上

02
B.System of Government/政府体制
013. Name one branch or part of the government./列举政府体制的一个分支或部门
答:
Congress /国会
Legislative /立法部门
President /总统
Executive /行政部门
The courts /法院
Judicial /司法部门
014. What stops one branch of government from becoming too powerful?/什么防止一个政府分支变得过于强大?
答:
Checks and balances /制衡
Separation of powers /权力分立
015. Who is in charge of the executive /谁负责行政部门?
答:The President /总统
016. Who makes federal laws?/谁制定联邦法律?
答:
Congress /国会
Senate and House (of Representatives)/参议院和众议院
(U.S. or national) legislature /(美国或国家)立法部门
017. What are the two parts of the U.S. Congress?/美国国会由哪两个部分组成?
答:The Senate and House (of Representatives) /参议院与众议院
018. How many U.S. Senators are there?/美国参议员有几位?
答:One hundred (100) /一百(100) 位
019. We elect a U.S. Senator for how many years?/我们选出的美国参议员任职多少年?
答:Six (6) /六年
020. Who is one of your state’s U.S. Senators?/您所在州的现任一位美国参议员的名字是什么?
答:略
021. The House of Representatives has how many voting members?/众议院中有投票权的众议员有几位?
答:Four hundred thirty-five (435) /四百三十五(435) 位
022. We elect a U.S. Representative for how many years?/我们选出的美国众议员任职多少年?
答:Two (2) /两(2)年
023. Name your U.S. Representative./列举您所在选区的美国众议员的名字?
答:略
024. Who does a U.S. Senator represent?/美国参议员代表何人?
答:All people of the state /其所在州的所有人民。
025. Why do some states have more Representatives than other states? /为什么有些州的众议员人数比其他州多?
答:
(because of) the state’s population/(由于)该州的人口。
(because) they have more people /(由于)该州有更多人口。
(because) some states have more people /(由于)该州的人口比其他州多
026. We elect a President for how many years?/我们选出的总统任职多少年?
答:Four (4) /四(4) 年
027. In what month do we vote for President?/我们在哪一个月份选总统?
答:November /十一月
028. What is the name of the President of the United States now?/现任美国总统的名字是什么?
答:Donald Trump /唐纳德·特朗普
029. What is the name of the Vice President of the United States now?/现任美国副总统的名字是什么?
答:Mike Pence/迈克·彭斯
030. If the President can no longer serve, who becomes President?/如果总统不能视事,则由谁成为总统?
答:the Vice President /副总统
031. If both the President and the Vice President can no longer serve, who becomes President?/如果总统和副总统都不能视事,则由谁成为总统?
答:the Speaker of the House /众议院议长
032. Who is the Commander in Chief of the Military? /谁是三军统帅?
答:the President /总统
033. Who signs bills to become laws?/谁签署法案使之成为法律?
答:the President /总统
034. Who vetoes bills? /谁否决法案?
答:the President /总统
035. What does the President’s Cabinet do?/总统的内阁做什么事?
答:advises the President /向总统提出建议
036. What are two Cabinet-level positions?/两个内阁级别的职位是什么?
答:
Secretary of Agriculture /农业部长
Secretary of Commerce /商务部长
Secretary of Defense /国防部长
Secretary of Education /教育部长
Secretary of Energy /能源部长
Secretary of Health and Human 健康与人类服务部长
Secretary of Homeland Security /国土安全部长
Secretary of Housing and Urban 住宅与都市发展部长
Secretary of Interior /内政部长
Secretary of State 国务卿
Secretary of Transportation/交通部长
Secretary of Treasury /财政部长
Secretary of Veterans’ Affairs /退伍军人事务部长
Secretary of Labor /劳工部长
Attorney General /司法部长
Vice President /副总统
037. Does the judicial branch do?/司法部门做什么?
答:
Reviews laws /审查法律
Explains laws /解释法律
Resolves disputes (disagreements)/解决争论(意见不一致)
Decides if a law goes against the Constitution /决定某一法律是否抵触宪法
038. What is the highest court in the United States? /美国最高法院是什么?
答:The Supreme Court /联邦最高法院
039. How many justices are on the Supreme Court? /最高法院有几位大法官?
答:Nine (9) / 9 位
040. Who is the Chief Justice of the United States? /美国首席大法官是谁?
答:John Roberts (John G. Roberts, Jr.)/约翰‧罗伯兹(小约翰G.罗伯兹)
041. Under our Constitution, some powers belong to the federal government. What is one power of the federal government? /根据美国宪法,有些权力属于联邦政府。联邦政府的一项权力是什么?
答:
to print money /印制钞票
to declare war /宣战
to create an army /创立军队
to make treaties /签订条约
042. Under our Constitution, some powers belong to the states. What is one power of the states? /根据美国宪法,有些权力属于州政府。州政府的一项权力是什么?
答:
Provide schooling and education /提供学校及教育
provide protection (police) /提供保护(警察)
答:Provide safety (fire departments) /提供安全(消防局)
Give a driver’s license /核发驾驶执照
答:Approve zoning and land use /批准区划与土地使用
043. Who is the Governor of your state?/您居住州的现任州长是谁?
答:略
044. What is the capital of your state?/你所在州的首府为何?
答:略
045. What are the two major political parties in the United States? / 美国当今两大政党为何?
答:Democratic and Republican /民主党和共和党
046. What is the political party of the President now? /现任总统属于哪个政党?
答:Republican(Party) /共和党
047. What is the name of the Speaker of the House of Representatives now?/众议院的议长是谁?
答:Paul Ryan/保罗.莱恩
03
C.Rights and Responsibilities/权力与责任
048. There are four amendments to the Constitution about who can vote. Describe one of them./宪法中有四个关于谁可以投票的修正案。试举一个。
答:
Citizens eighteen (18) and older (can vote). /十八(18) 岁以上的公民(可以投票)
You don’t have to pay (a poll tax) to vote. /您投票不必缴钱(缴投票税)
Any citizen can vote. (Women and men can vote.) /任何公民都可以投票(男性与女性都可以投票)
A male citizen of any race (can vote) 任何种族的男性公民(都可以投票)
049. What is one responsibility that is only for United States citizens? 列举一项美国公民才有的责任?
答:
Serve on a jury /当陪审员
Vote /在联邦选举中投票
050. Name one right only for United States citizens./列举一项美国公民才享有的权利
答:
Vote in a federal election /在联邦选举中投票的权利
Run for federal office /竞选公职的权利
051. What are two rights of everyone living in the United States? 每一个住在美国的人享有的两项权利是什么?
答:
Freedom of expression /表达自由
Freedom of speech /言论自由
Freedom of assembly /集会结社的自由
Freedom to petition the government/向政府请愿自由
Freedom of worship /宗教崇拜的自由
The right to bear arms /持有武器的自由
052. What do we show loyalty to when we say the Pledge of Allegiance? 当我们宣誓效忠时,是向什么表达忠诚?
答:
the United States /美利坚合众国
The flag /国旗
053. What is one promise you make when you become a United States citizen? /当您成为美国公民时做出的一项承诺是什么?
答:
Give up loyalty to other countries /放弃效忠其他国家
Defend the Constitution and laws of the United States /护卫美国的宪法及法律
Obey the laws of the United States/遵守美国的法律
Serve in the U.S. military (if needed) 必要时)加入美国军队
Serve (do important work for) the nation (if needed) /(必要时)为国效劳(为国做重要工作)
Be loyal to the United States /效忠美国
054. How old do citizens have to be to vote for President? /美国公民必须几岁才能投票选举总统?
答:Eighteen (18) and older /十八(18) 岁以上
055. What are two ways that Americans can participate in their democracy?/美国人参与民主政治的两种方法是什么?(注:回答下列任何两项即可)
答:
Vote /投票
Join a political party /加入政党
Help with a campaign /协助竞选活动
Join a civic group /加入公民团体
Join a community group /加入小区团体
Give an elected official your opinion on an issue /向民选官员提供自己对某项议题的意见。
Call Senators and Representatives/拨电给参议员和众议员
Publicly support or oppose an issue or policy /公开支持或反对某个议题或政策
Run for office /竞选公职
Write to a newspaper /向报社投函
056. When is the last day you can send in federal income tax forms? 寄送联邦所得税表的截止日期是哪一天?
答:(每年的)4月15日
057. When must all men register for the Selective Service? 所有男性到了哪个年龄必须注册「兵役登记」?
答:
At age eighteen (18) /年满十八岁时
Between eighteen (18) and twenty-six (26) /十八(18) 岁至廿六(26) 岁之间
AMERICAN HISTORY/美国历史
04
A.Colonial Period and Independence/殖民期与独立
058. What is one reason colonists came to America?/殖民者当初到美国的一项理由是什么?
答:
Freedom /自由
Political liberty /政治自由
Religious freedom /宗教自由
Economic opportunity /经济机会
Practice their religion /从事宗教活动
Escape persecution /逃避迫害
059. Who lived in America before the Europeans arrived? 欧洲人抵达美国之前,谁已经居住在美国?
答:
Native Americans /美国原住民
American Indians /美国印第安人
060. What group of people was taken to America and sold as slaves?/哪一群人被带到美国并被贩卖为奴?
答:
Africans /非洲人
People from Africa /来自非洲的人
061. Why did the colonists fight the British?/殖民者为何与英国作战?
答:
Because of high taxes (taxation without representation) /因为高额捐税(只缴税,没有代表权)
Because the British army stayed in their houses (boarding, quartering)/因为英国军队住在他们的住宅内(寄宿、宿营)
Because they didn’t have selfgovernment/因为他们没有自治权
062. Who wrote the Declaration of Independence?/《独立宣言》是谁写的?
答:(Thomas) Jefferson /(托马斯)杰斐逊(第三任总统)
063. When was the Declaration of Independence adopted?/《独立宣言》是何时通过采用的?
答:July 4, 1776 /1776 年7 月4 日
064. There were 13 original states.Name three. /美国原先有13 个州。请列举其中三个州。
答:
New Hampshire /新罕布什尔
Massachusetts /麻萨诸塞
Rhode Island /罗得岛
Connecticut /康涅狄格
New York /纽约
New Jersey 纽泽西
Pennsylvania /宾夕法尼亚
Delaware /特拉华
Maryland /马里兰
Virginia /弗吉尼亚
North Carolina /北卡罗莱纳
South Carolina /南卡罗莱纳
Georgia /乔治亚
065. What happened at the Constitutional Convention? 制宪会议达成了什么事?
答:
The Constitution was written. /拟定宪法
The Founding Fathers wrote the Constitution. /开国诸贤拟定了宪法
066. When was the Constitution written?/宪法是何时拟定的?
答:1787 年
067. The Federalist Papers supported the passage of the U.S. Constitution. Name one of the writers./《联邦论》支持美国宪法的通过。请列举一名《联邦论》的作者?
答:
(James) Madison /(杰姆斯)麦迪逊(第四任总统)
(Alexander) Hamilton /(亚历山大)汉米顿(第一任财政部长)
(John) Jay /(约翰)杰伊(第一任首席大法官)
Publius /普布利乌斯(以上三位共同笔名)
068. What is one thing Benjamin Franklin is famous for? 班哲明‧富兰克林著称的一项事迹是什么?
答:
U.S. diplomat /美国外交官
Oldest member of the Constitutional Convention /制宪会议年纪最长的成员
First Postmaster General of the United States /美国第一任邮政总局局长
Writer of “Poor Richard’s Almanac”/《穷人理查德年鉴》的作者
Started the first free libraries /开办第一个免费图书馆
069. Who is the “Father of Our Country”?/谁是「美国国父」?
答:(George) Washington /(乔治)华盛顿
070. Who was the first President?/谁是第一任总统?
答:(George) Washington /(乔治)华盛顿(任职两届)
05
B.1800s 1800年代
071. hat territory did the United States buy from France in 1803?/美国在1803 年向法国购买哪块领地?
答:
the Louisiana Territory /路易斯安那领地
Louisiana /路易斯安那
072. Name one war fought by the United States in the 1800s./列举一场美国在1800年代参与的战争。
答:
War of 1812 /1812 年战争
Mexican-American War /美墨战争
Civil War /内战
Spanish-American War /美国与西班牙战争
073. Name the U.S. war between the North and the South. /请说出美国南方与北方之间战争的名称?
答:
The Civil War /内战
The War between the States /州际战争
074. Name one problem that led to the CivilWar. /列举一项导致内战的问题
答:
Slavery /奴隶制度
 reasons /经济原因
States’ rights /各州的权力问题
075. What was one important thing that Abraham Lincoln did? /亚伯拉罕‧林肯的一项重要事迹是什么?
答:
Freed the slaves (Emancipation Proclamation) /解放奴隶(解放宣言)
Saved (or preserved) the Union /拯救(保留)联盟
Led the United States during the Civil War /在内战期间引领美国
076. What did the Emancipation Proclamation do? /《解放宣言》达成了什么?
答:
Freed the slaves /解放了奴隶
Freed slaves in the Confederacy /解放了联邦制下的奴隶
Freed slaves in the Confederate state 解放了联邦各州的奴隶
Freed slaves in most Southern states 解放了南方大部分州的奴隶
077. What did Susan B. Anthony do?/苏珊B. 安东尼的事迹是什么?
答:
Fought for women’s rights /为女权奋斗
Fought for civil rights /为民权奋斗
06
C.Recent American History/美国近代史
078. Name one war fought by the United States in the 1900s./列举一场美国在1900年代参与的战争?
答:
World War I /第一次世界大战
World War II /第二次世界大战
Korean War /朝鲜战争
Vietnam War /越战
(Persian) Gulf War /(波斯湾)海湾战争
079. Who was President during World War I?/第一次世界大战期间的美国总统是谁?
答:(Woodrow) Wilson/(伍德罗)威尔逊
080. Who was President during the Great Depression and World War II?/美国经济大萧条和第二次世界大战期间的总统是谁?
答:(Franklin) Roosevelt/弗兰克林·罗斯福(1933至1945连任四届)
081. Who did the United States fight in World War II? /美国在第二次世界大战与哪些国家作战?
答:Japan, Germany and Italy /日本、德国、意大利
082. Before he was President, Eisenhower was a general. What war was he in?/艾森豪威尔在当总统以前是将军。他曾参加哪一场战争?
答:World War II /第二次世界大战
083. During the Cold War, what was the main concern of the United States?/在冷战期间,美国的主要顾虑是什么?
答:Communism /共产主义
084. What movement tried to end racial discrimination?/哪项运动试图结束种族歧视?
答:civil rights (movement) /民权(运动)
085. What did Martin Luther King, Jr. do?/小马丁‧路德‧金的事迹是什么?
答:
Fought for civil rights /为民权奋斗
Worked for equality for all Americans /为所有美国人争取平等
086. What major event happened on September 11, 2001 in the United States? /美国在2001年9 月11日发生了什么重大事件?
答:Terrorists attacked the United States. 恐怖份子攻击美国
087. Name one American Indian tribe in the United States./列举一个美国印地安人部族。
答:Cherokee /切洛基(散居于奥克拉荷马与北卡罗来纳州一带,大族裔)、Navajo / 纳瓦荷(散居于亚利桑那州,新墨西哥州及犹他州一带,大族裔)、Sioux /苏、Chippewa /齐普瓦、Choctaw /乔克陶、Pueblo /布耶布洛、Apache /阿帕契、Iroquois /伊洛奎斯、Creek /库瑞克、Blackfeet /布雷克非特、Seminole /赛米诺利、Cheyenne /夏安、Arawak /阿拉瓦克、Shawnee /萧尼、Mohegan /莫希根、Huron /休伦、Oneida /欧尼达、Lakota /拉科塔、Crow /克洛、Teton /泰顿、Hopi /贺皮、Inuit /伊努特
INTEGRATED CIVICS/综合公民(归化试题)
07
A.Geography 地理
088. Name one of the two longest rivers in the United States./列举美国最长的两条河中的一条?
答:
Missouri (River) /米苏里(河)
Mississippi (River) /密西西比(河)
089. What ocean is on the West Coast of the United States?/美国西岸濒临什么海洋?
答:Pacific (Ocean) /太平洋
090. What ocean is on the East Coast of the United States? /美国东岸濒临什么海洋?
答:Atlantic (Ocean) /大西洋
091. Name one U.S. territory./列举一个美国领地?
答:
Puerto Rico /波多黎各
U.S. Virgin Islands /美属维京群岛
American Samoa /美属萨摩亚
Northern Mariana Islands /北马里亚纳群岛
Guam /关岛
092. Name one state that borders Canada./列举一个与加拿大毗连的州?
答:
Maine /缅因州
New Hampshire /新罕布什尔州
Vermont /佛蒙特州
New York /纽约州
Pennsylvania /宾夕法尼亚州
Ohio /俄亥俄州
Michigan /密执安州
Minnesota /明尼苏达州
North Dakota /北达科塔州
Montana /蒙大拿州
Idaho /爱达荷州
Washington /华盛顿州
Alaska /阿拉斯加州
093. Name one state that borders Mexico./列举一个与墨西哥毗连的州?
答:
California /加利福尼亚州
Arizona /亚利桑那州
New Mexico /新墨西哥州
Texas /得克萨斯州
094. What is the capital of the United States?/美国的首都在哪里?
答:Washington, D.C. /华盛顿哥伦比亚特区
095. Where is the Statue of Liberty?/自由女神像在哪里?
答:
New York (Harbor) /纽约(港)
Liberty Island /自由岛
[Also acceptable are New Jersey, near New York City, and on the Hudson (River).](回答:新泽西,纽约市附近,或在哈德逊河均属正确答案)
B.Symbols 标志
096. Why does the flag have 13 stripes?/国旗上为何有十三个横条?
答:
Because there were 13 original colonies /因为最早有十三个(英国)殖民地
Because the stripes represent the original colonies /因为横条代表最早的殖民地
097. Why does the flag have 50 stars?/国旗上为何有五十颗星?
答:
Because there is one star for each state /因为每州有一颗星
Because each star represents a state 因为每颗星代表一个州
Because there are 50 states /因为有五十个州
098. What is the name of the national anthem? /国歌的歌名为何?
答:The Star-Spangled Banner /星光灿烂的旗帜
09
C.Holidays 假期
099. When do we celebrate Independence Day? /我们庆祝独立纪念日是在哪一天?
答:July 4 /七月四日(1776年)
100. Name two national U.S. holidays./试述两个美国国定假日?
答:
New Year’s Day /新年(元旦)
Martin Luther King, Jr., Day /小马丁路德金纪念日
Presidents’ Day /总统日
Memorial Day /追悼日(美国阵亡将士纪念日)
Independence Day /独立纪念日
Labor Day /劳工节
Columbus Day /哥伦布日
Veterans Day /退伍军人节
Thanksgiving /感恩节
Christmas /(耶稣)圣诞节
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